By Grant Smith, Salma El Wardany, Dina Khrennikova and Javier Blas
The recovery in global fuel consumption depends on major economies continuing their emergence from lockdown. The resurgence of the virus in the U.S., the world’s largest oil consumer, threatens that rebound.
“As we move to the next phase of the agreement, the extra supply resulting from the scheduled easing of production cuts will be consumed as demand continues on its recovery path,” Prince Abdulaziz said at the start of an OPEC+ video conference. “Economies around the world are opening up, although this is a cautious and gradual process. The recovery signs are unmistakable.”
As planned, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies will withhold 7.7 million barrels a day from the market in August, compared with cuts of 9.6 million currently.
“Nobody could really expect OPEC+ to keep the 9.7 million-barrel-a-day curtailments into August,” Paola Rodriguez-Masiu, senior oil markets analyst at consultant Rystad Energy A/S, said by email. “Boosting output by 2 million barrels a day is not little, but the demand recovery, even though a little slower than expected, justifies it.”
The actual cut next month will be between 8.1 million and 8.3 million barrels a day, because members that didn’t fulfill their commitments to reduce output in May and June — such as Iraq and Nigeria — will be making extra compensation cuts, Prince Abdulaziz said.
Fully offsetting the shortcomings of all the delinquent nations would require 842,000 barrels a day of extra reductions in August and September, delegates said. On paper, that could shrink the 2 million-barrel-a-day supply increase scheduled for August by almost half.
However, Prince Abdulaziz acknowledged that it’s unclear how much of the reparations can actually be delivered by September. The Saudi minister, who has made it his mission to end the quota cheating that has dogged OPEC+ since its inception in 2016, reiterated that these compensation cuts are a crucial principle and the group must resist the temptation to relax.
Iraq has made “major strides” toward its target, but “it will still be a financial challenge for the country to make additional compensatory cuts,” said Helima Croft, head of commodity strategy at RBC Capital Markets LLC. “We are less optimistic about Nigeria, Angola and Kazakhstan even fully reaching their quota targets.”
Prince Abdulaziz insisted that OPEC+ wasn’t targeting any particular oil price, but signaled that current levels aren’t high enough. The global energy industry is suffering as small producers go bankrupt, he said.
Crude futures briefly fluctuated after the plan to taper the cuts was confirmed, but settled again and traded for $43.42 a barrel in London at 10 a.m. local time on Thursday.
OPEC+ is reviving supplies as fuel consumption picks up with the lifting of lockdowns around the world. The alliance’s curbs, equivalent to almost 10% of global supply, helped more than double crude prices from the lows hit in late April, when demand plunged by more than 25%. Consumption has since recovered, but it’s still down about 10% from a year ago.
These data show that the tapering of production cuts is “fully in line with the current market trends,” said Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak. “Almost all of the output hikes will be consumed in domestic markets of the producing countries as the demand is recovering.”
Saudi Arabia’s own exports won’t change next month, despite the output increase, as its domestic demand rises, said Prince Abdulaziz. OPEC+ would only consider calling an emergency meeting to reverse the easing of its cuts if severe economic lockdowns return, he said. Nonetheless, the economic fallout from the first wave of the pandemic is still emerging, and many countries are struggling to contain new outbreaks that could roil markets again.
“They insisted that the producer group is not taking a shot in the dark,” said RBC’s Croft. “But we still contend that the easing action represents something of a leap of faith.”