The U.S.’s declared deadline for a handshake agreement from Canada to revamp Nafta has arrived, and it’s unclear whether optimism from Donald Trump and others will be enough to spur concessions that would bridge the final divides.
“Canada’s going to make a deal at some point. It may be by Friday or it may be within a period of time, but ultimately they have no choice,” Trump said Thursday in an interview with Bloomberg News in Washington as bargainers struggled to resolve critical issues. “I think we’re close to a deal.”
Ahead of Friday’s negotiations, people familiar with the talks offered different views on progress. Three people said that a preliminary agreement appeared likely to be announced as soon as Friday. But three others said too many issues remain unresolved to predict an outcome, even though there was positive momentum. They all spoke on the condition of anonymity because negotiations are private. One of the key issues, over dispute-settlement panels, is said to be unresolved.
The people commented the same day that Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland met several times in Washington with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to reach a deal on the North American Free Trade Agreement. Her country rejoined face-to-face negotiations on Tuesday, a day after the U.S. and Mexico announced a preliminary agreement in principle on Nafta.
Trump said he believed Canada was showing interest in reaching an agreement. “They would love to make a deal. And I’m happy with that.”
Talks ended on Thursday evening in Washington and are to resume Friday.
The Trump administration wants Canada to sign on to the arrangement by Friday, when it will notify Congress of a deal that would allow current Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto to sign before his successor takes over Dec. 1. Trump must notify Congress 90 days before signing the pact, which will need the approval of lawmakers. Talks of some kind with Canada are likely to stretch into September even if the preliminary agreement is announced Friday.
Trump and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau have struck an upbeat tone this week as Canada rejoined discussions after sitting on the sidelines for more than a month while the U.S. and Mexico squared away their bilateral issues.
“We need stability, we need predictability. We want investors to know that when they’re making a deal with Canada under these rules, that those rules are going to be around for a while,” Canada’s Trade Minister Jim Carr said in an interview on Bloomberg Television in Singapore Friday. “There’s a possibility” an agreement will be reached on Friday, but Canada doesn’t want “a deal at any cost,” he said.
Freeland, the senior Canadian official in charge of Nafta, has said difficult issues must still be resolved, but that negotiators are making good progress.
A breakthrough will likely require a trade-off between the two nations. The U.S. wants access to Canada’s protected dairy market and Ottawa is prepared to offer some, two officials said. While other hurdles remain, an agreement where America softens its demands to eliminate a dispute-settlement panel in return for Canadian concessions on dairy may pave the way for a deal.
The two countries haven’t made progress yet on the issue known as Chapter 19 dispute panels, which Canada supports in the existing Nafta deal but the U.S. wants to scrap, according to two people familiar with the talks who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss private deliberations.
Another key issue is U.S. tariffs on steel and aluminum imports, though it’s unclear whether relief from those will be included. Mexico didn’t get any reprieve in its own agreement on Monday.
Thursday’s talks ended on a sudden note following a brief final meeting. Freeland arrived just after 10 p.m. for her fourth visit of the day and emerged about five minutes later.
“I had a brief conversation with ambassador Lighthizer,” Freeland told reporters, without saying why the meeting was so short. “I had a couple of things to say, and we’ll reconvene in the morning.”