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Oil Extends Slide on Speculation Hedge-Fund Buying Went Too Far


January 17, 2018, by Ben Sharples and Grant Smith

(Bloomberg)

Oil continued to slide from a three-year high on speculation that a record long position built up by money managers leaves prices vulnerable to a pullback.

U.S. futures fell for a second day. Hedge funds increased their net-long position in WTI to an all-time high of 437,770 contracts in the week to Jan. 9, according to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Citigroup Inc. and UBS Group AG said prices will probably weaken this year as supplies pick up. Technical indicators also showed futures are overbought.

While oil closed lower Tuesday for the first time in more than a week, prices have extended a two-year gain as OPEC and its allies including Russia trim output to drain a global glut. Banks from Citigroup to Societe Generale SA have started to speculate the supply deal may end early, but Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said this week that cuts should continue and there’s no need to make hasty decisions after recent price gains.

“Crude-oil prices are likely to weaken over the course of the year” as the market moves from deficit to balance, said Giovanni Staunovo, an analyst at UBS in Zurich.

West Texas Intermediate for February delivery was at $63.39 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, down 34 cents, at 10:47 a.m. London time. There was no settlement Monday because of the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday in the U.S., and all transactions were booked Tuesday.

Brent for March settlement dropped 51 cents to $68.64 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange after losing 1.6 percent on Tuesday. The global benchmark crude traded at a premium of $5.31 to March WTI.

Figures from the Energy Information Administration on Thursday are forecast to show U.S. stockpiles fell for a ninth week, while OPEC’s monthly report the same day will provide a snapshot of compliance with the supply-cuts deal with Russia. The International Energy Agency follows Friday with its own take on the state of the market.

Oil-market news:

U.S. crude stockpiles probably dropped by 2.9 million barrels last week, according to a Bloomberg survey before the EIA report. While falling inventories mean the “supportive fundamental backdrop is likely to persist in the short term,” markets may begin to weaken in the second quarter as seasonal demand slackens, according to Ed Morse and Christopher Main at Citigroup. Compliance by OPEC and its partners with their oil-cuts accord was 125 percent in December and should remain high this year, Kuwait Oil Minister Bakheet Al-Rashidi said.



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