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Mammoth Energy Services, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2019 Operational and Financial Results


mammothlogo.jpg
Source: Mammoth Energy Services, Inc.

  • Second Quarter net loss of $11 million, or $0.24 per diluted share
  • Second Quarter Adjusted EBITDA of $9 million
  • Suspended dividend due to oilfield service market conditions
  • 2019 capital budget decreased 49% from $80 million to $41 million

OKLAHOMA CITY, Aug. 01, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Mammoth Energy Services, Inc. (“Mammoth” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: TUSK) today reported financial and operational results for the quarter ended June 30, 2019.

Financial Highlights for the Second Quarter of 2019:

Total revenue was $181.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, down from $262.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and down from $533.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2019 was $10.9 million, or $0.24 per fully diluted share, as compared to net income of $28.3 million, or $0.63 per fully diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and net income of $42.7 million, or $0.95 per fully diluted share, for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Adjusted EBITDA (as defined and reconciled below) was $8.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, down from $82.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and down from $148.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Arty Straehla, Mammoth’s Chief Executive Officer, stated, “The second quarter of 2019 was a challenging environment as further capital restraint by our oilfield customers continued to apply downward pressure on pricing and resulted in several completions being delayed or canceled with short notice. In addition, we worked through the challenges of demobilizing our equipment from Puerto Rico. As a result of current market conditions, we have begun to right size our operations and we expect this process to be completed in the coming months. Demand for infrastructure services remains high with the competencies and experience of our crews allowing for unique bidding opportunities in both the US and overseas. While our work in Puerto Rico has ended, we have continued to receive payments from PREPA, with $42 million received in the second quarter of 2019. For the remainder of 2019, we are taking a disciplined approach to our spending and we have reduced our 2019 capital expenditure budget from $80 million to $41 million. As a result of oilfield market conditions, our board of directors has suspended the quarterly cash dividend.”

Infrastructure Services

Mammoth’s infrastructure services segment contributed revenues of $41.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease from $108.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a decline from $360.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

During the second quarter of 2019, Mammoth demobilized approximately 1,000 pieces of equipment from Puerto Rico back to the Lower 48.

Pressure Pumping Services

Mammoth’s pressure pumping division contributed revenues (inclusive of inter-segment revenues) of $84.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease from $92.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a decrease from $101.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Mammoth’s pressure pumping division completed a total of 1,717 stages for the three months ended June 30, 2019, as compared to 1,889 stages for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 1,815 stages for the three months ended June 30, 2018. An average of 2.7 of our 6 fleets were active for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to average utilization of 4.4 fleets during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and an average utilization of 4.3 fleets during the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Natural Sand Proppant Services

Mammoth’s natural sand proppant division contributed revenues (inclusive of inter-segment revenues) of $40.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an increase from $37.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a decrease from $52.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

The Company sold 812,611 tons of sand during the three months ended June 30, 2019, a 22% increase from the 665,806 tons sold during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a 4% increase from the 777,850 tons sold during the three months ended June 30, 2018. The Company’s average sales price for the sand sold during the second quarter of 2019 was $30.09 per ton, a 7% decrease from the $32.20 per ton average sales price during the first quarter of 2019 and a 30% decrease from the $43.09 per ton average sales price during the second quarter of 2018.

Blended second quarter production costs came in at approximately $12 per ton during the second quarter of 2019, unchanged from the first quarter of 2019 production costs and a 24% decrease from production costs of approximately $15.70 per ton during the second quarter of 2018.

Other Services

Mammoth’s other services, including contract land and directional drilling, coil tubing, pressure control, flowback, cementing, acidizing, equipment rentals, crude oil hauling and remote accommodations, contributed revenues (inclusive of inter-segment revenues) of $28.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease from $38.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a decrease from $37.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

An average of 601 pieces of equipment were rented during the three months ended June 30, 2019, down 3% from the average 621 pieces of equipment rented during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a 77% increase from an average of 339 pieces of equipment rented for the three months ended June 30, 2018. As a result of market conditions, the Company has temporarily shut down its cementing and acidizing operations as well as its flowback operations subsequent to June 30, 2019.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses were $9.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, as compared to $17.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $65.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Following is a breakout of SG&A expense (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Cash expenses:
Compensation and benefits $ 2,154 $ 10,978 $ 9,230 $ 11,384 $ 18,677
Professional services 2,934 2,981 3,789 6,723 5,568
Other(a) 3,381 3,935 3,244 6,626 5,542
Total cash SG&A expense 8,469 17,894 16,263 24,733 29,787
Non-cash expenses:
Bad debt provision(b) 262 28,263 4 266 53,790
Equity based compensation(c) 17,487 17,487
Stock based compensation 724 1,483 1,069 1,792 2,574
Total non-cash SG&A expense 986 47,233 1,073 2,058 73,851
Total SG&A expense $ 9,455 $ 65,127 $ 17,336 $ 26,791 $ 103,638

a.     Includes travel-related costs, IT expenses, rent, utilities and other general and administrative-related costs.
b.     $28.3 million and $53.6 million of the bad debt expense recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 was subsequently reversed during the third quarter of 2018.
c.     Represents compensation expense for non-employee awards, which were issued and are payable by certain affiliates of Wexford (the sponsor level).

SG&A expenses, as a percentage of total revenue, were 5% for the three months ended June 30, 2019 as compared to 7% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 12% for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Liquidity

As of June 30, 2019, Mammoth had cash on hand totaling $7.2 million and outstanding borrowings under its revolving credit facility of $82.0 million. As of June 30, 2019, the Company had $93.5 million of available borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility, after giving effect to $8.7 million of outstanding letters of credit, resulting in total liquidity of approximately $100.7 million. As of July 31, 2019, the Company had cash on hand totaling $11.6 million and outstanding borrowings under its revolving credit facility of $85.5 million.

Capital Expenditures

The following table summarizes Mammoth’s capital expenditures by operating division for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Infrastructure services(a) $ 2,177 $ 40,778 $ 3,254 $ 5,431 $ 56,556
Pressure pumping services(b) 4,013 8,233 7,329 11,342 16,099
Natural sand proppant services(c) 990 6,958 985 1,975 12,658
Other(d) 2,767 17,042 8,705 11,472 23,472
Total capital expenditures $ 9,947 $ 73,011 $ 20,273 $ 30,220 $ 108,785

a.     Capital expenditures primarily for truck, tooling and other equipment for the periods presented.
b.     Capital expenditures primarily for pressure pumping and water transfer equipment for the for the periods presented.
c.     Capital expenditures primarily for maintenance for the 2019 periods presented and plant upgrades for the 2018 periods presented.
d.     Capital expenditures primarily for equipment for the Company’s rental business and upgrades to its rig fleet for the periods presented.

Explanatory Note Regarding Financial Information

The financial information contained in this release should be read in conjunction with the financial information contained in Mammoth’s Annual Report to be filed on Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other filings.

The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer comprise the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker function (“CODM”). Segment information is prepared on the same basis that the CODM manages the segments, evaluates the segment financial statements and makes key operating and resource utilization decisions. Segment evaluation is determined on a quantitative basis based on a function of operating income (loss) as well as a qualitative basis, such as nature of the product and service offerings and types of customers.

Conference Call Information

Mammoth will host a conference call on Friday, August 2, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. CDT (11:00 am EDT) to discuss its second quarter 2019 financial and operational results. The telephone number to access the conference call is 844-265-1561 in the U.S. and the international dial in is 216-562-0385. The conference ID for the call is 6178026. The conference call will also be webcast live on www.mammothenergy.com in the “Investors” section.

About Mammoth Energy Services, Inc.

Mammoth is an integrated, growth-oriented energy service company serving companies engaged in the exploration and development of North American onshore unconventional oil and natural gas reserves and government-funded utilities, private utilities, public investor-owned utilities and co-operative utilities through its energy infrastructure services. Mammoth’s suite of services and products include: pressure pumping services, infrastructure services, natural sand and proppant services and other energy services.

For additional information about Mammoth, please visit its website at www.mammothenergy.com, where Mammoth routinely posts announcements, updates, events, investor information and presentations and recent news releases.

Investor Contact:
Don Crist
Director of Investor Relations
[email protected]
405-608-6048

Media Contact:
Peter Mirijanian
[email protected]
(202) 464-8803

Forward-Looking Statements and Cautionary Statements

This news release (and any oral statements made regarding the subjects of this release, including on the conference call announced herein) contains certain statements and information that may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts that address activities, events or developments that we expect, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “ensure,” “expect,” “if,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “forecasts,” “predict,” “outlook,” “aim,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “potential,” “would,” “may,” “probable,” “likely” and similar expressions, and the negative thereof, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, forward-looking statements contained in this press release specifically include statements, estimates and projections regarding our business outlook and plans, future financial position, liquidity and capital resources, operations, performance, acquisitions, returns, capital expenditure budgets, costs and other guidance regarding future developments. Forward-looking statements are not assurances of future performance. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs, forecasts for our existing operations, experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, anticipated future developments and their effect on us, and other factors believed to be appropriate. Although management believes that the expectations and assumptions reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made, no assurance can be given that these assumptions are accurate or that any of these expectations will be achieved (in full or at all). Moreover, our forward-looking statements are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including those described in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other filings we make with the SEC, including those relating to our acquisitions and our contracts, many of which are beyond our control, which may cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections which are implied or expressed by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the failure to receive or delays in receiving governmental authorizations, approvals and/or payments; the outcome of an ongoing government investigation relating to the contracts awarded to our subsidiary Cobra Acquisitions LLC by the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority; our inability to replace the prior levels of work in our infrastructure segment; risks relating to economic conditions; the loss of or interruption in operations of one or more key suppliers or customers; the effects of government regulation, permitting and other legal requirements; operating risks; the adequacy of capital resources and liquidity; weather; natural disasters; litigation; competition in the oil and natural gas and infrastructure industries; and costs and availability of resources.

Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement which speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made. We undertake no obligation to correct, revise or update any forward-looking statement after the date such statement is made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

MAMMOTH ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

ASSETS June 30, December 31,
2019 2018
CURRENT ASSETS (in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,245 $ 67,625
Accounts receivable, net 385,626 337,460
Receivables from related parties 37,400 11,164
Inventories 22,114 21,302
Prepaid expenses 10,196 11,317
Other current assets 699 688
Total current assets 463,280 449,556
Property, plant and equipment, net 408,408 436,699
Sand reserves 69,762 71,708
Operating lease right-of-use assets 52,184
Intangible assets, net – customer relationships 1,563 1,711
Intangible assets, net – trade names 5,625 6,045
Goodwill 101,245 101,245
Other non-current assets 6,843 6,127
Total assets $ 1,108,910 $ 1,073,091
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accounts payable $ 72,671 $ 68,843
Payables to related parties 1,020 370
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 42,658 59,652
Current operating lease liability 17,338
Income taxes payable 30,780 104,958
Total current liabilities 164,467 233,823
Long-term debt 82,036
Deferred income tax liabilities 56,580 79,309
Long-term operating lease liability 34,807
Asset retirement obligation 3,534 3,164
Other liabilities 4,270 2,743
Total liabilities 345,694 319,039
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
EQUITY
Equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 45,004,795 and 44,876,649 issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 450 449
Additional paid in capital 533,151 530,919
Retained earnings 232,990 226,765
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (3,375 ) (4,081 )
Total equity 763,216 754,052
Total liabilities and equity $ 1,108,910 $ 1,073,091

MAMMOTH ENERGY SERVICES, INC. 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
REVENUE
Services revenue $ 115,760 $ 455,545 $ 193,101 $ 308,861 $ 864,204
Services revenue – related parties 36,837 40,611 44,073 80,910 89,699
Product revenue 18,362 27,708 12,309 30,671 52,748
Product revenue – related parties 10,861 9,730 12,655 23,516 21,192
Total revenue 181,820 533,594 262,138 443,958 1,027,843
COST AND EXPENSES
Services cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion of $25,597, $26,898, $25,682, $51,280 and $51,473, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2019 and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018) 132,688 302,283 158,106 290,794 593,262
Services cost of revenue – related parties (exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion of $0, $0, $0, $0 and $0, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2019 and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018) 2,650 2,428 713 3,363 4,220
Product cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion of $4,525, $3,879, $2,871, $7,395 and $6,193, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2019 and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018) 32,677 35,117 30,251 62,928 68,447
Selling, general and administrative 8,796 64,595 16,902 25,698 102,677
Selling, general and administrative – related parties 659 532 434 1,093 961
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 30,145 30,795 28,576 58,721 57,703
Impairment of long-lived assets 187 187
Total cost and expenses 207,615 435,937 234,982 442,597 827,457
Operating (loss) income (25,795 ) 97,657 27,156 1,361 200,386
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
Interest expense, net (1,551 ) (959 ) (523 ) (2,074 ) (2,196 )
Other, net 4,019 (486 ) 24,557 28,576 (514 )
Total other income (expense) 2,468 (1,445 ) 24,034 26,502 (2,710 )
(Loss) income before income taxes (23,327 ) 96,212 51,190 27,863 197,676
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (12,438 ) 53,512 22,857 10,419 99,430
Net (loss) income $ (10,889 ) $ 42,700 $ 28,333 $ 17,444 $ 98,246
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $92, $86, ($90), $182 and $272, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2019 and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 350 (325 ) 356 706 (786 )
Comprehensive (loss) income $ (10,539 ) $ 42,375 $ 28,689 $ 18,150 $ 97,460
Net (loss) income per share (basic) $ (0.24 ) $ 0.95 $ 0.63 $ 0.39 $ 2.20
Net (loss) income per share (diluted) $ (0.24 ) $ 0.95 $ 0.63 $ 0.39 $ 2.18
Weighted average number of shares outstanding (basic) 45,003 44,737 44,929 44,966 44,700
Weighted average number of shares outstanding (diluted) 45,003 45,059 45,063 45,060 44,977
Dividends declared per share $ 0.125 $ 0.125 $ 0.25

MAMMOTH ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Six Months Ended
June 30,
2019 2018
(in thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income $ 17,444 $ 98,246
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
Equity based compensation 17,487
Stock based compensation 2,233 2,916
Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization 58,721 57,703
Amortization of coil tubing strings 1,003 1,120
Amortization of debt origination costs 163 199
Bad debt expense 266 53,790
Loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment 176 (128 )
Impairment of long-lived assets 187
Deferred income taxes (22,911 ) (27,906 )
Other (199 )
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions of businesses:
Accounts receivable, net (48,530 ) (122,908 )
Receivables from related parties (26,236 ) 3,114
Inventories (1,815 ) 4,156
Prepaid expenses and other assets 1,115 (1,195 )
Accounts payable 7,366 34,186
Payables to related parties 650 538
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (17,129 ) 10,193
Income taxes payable (74,172 ) 94,753
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities (101,855 ) 226,451
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment (30,085 ) (105,349 )
Purchases of property and equipment from related parties (135 ) (3,436 )
Business acquisitions (13,356 )
Contributions to equity investee (680 )
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment 2,465 898
Net cash used in investing activities (28,435 ) (121,243 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings from lines of credit 108,000 52,000
Repayments of lines of credit (25,964 ) (151,900 )
Dividends paid (11,219 )
Principal payments on financing leases and equipment financing notes (992 ) (145 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 69,825 (100,045 )
Effect of foreign exchange rate on cash 85 (98 )
Net change in cash and cash equivalents (60,380 ) 5,065
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 67,625 5,637
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 7,245 $ 10,702
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest $ 1,830 $ 2,543
Cash paid for income taxes $ 116,442 $ 32,584
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash transactions:
Purchases of property and equipment included in accounts payable $ 2,339 $ 20,897

MAMMOTH ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
SEGMENT INCOME STATEMENTS
(in thousands)

Three months ended June 30, 2019 Infrastructure Pressure Pumping Sand All Other Eliminations Total
Revenue from external customers $ 41,821 $ 82,973 $ 29,223 $ 27,803 $ $ 181,820
Intersegment revenues 1,668 11,170 584 (13,422 )
Total revenue 41,821 84,641 40,393 28,387 (13,422 ) 181,820
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 44,864 59,835 32,676 30,640 168,015
Intersegment cost of revenues 11,797 1,141 562 (13,500 )
Total cost of revenue 44,864 71,632 33,817 31,202 (13,500 ) 168,015
Selling, general and administrative 3,035 2,664 1,380 2,376 9,455
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 7,818 10,174 4,528 7,625 30,145
Operating (loss) income (13,896 ) 171 668 (12,816 ) 78 (25,795 )
Interest expense, net 386 452 72 641 1,551
Other (income) expense, net (4,045 ) 9 (32 ) 49 (4,019 )
(Loss) income before income taxes $ (10,237 ) $ (290 ) $ 628 $ (13,506 ) $ 78 $ (23,327 )
Three months ended June 30, 2018 Infrastructure Pressure Pumping Sand All Other Eliminations Total
Revenue from external customers $ 360,250 $ 100,333 $ 37,439 $ 35,572 $ $ 533,594
Intersegment revenues 1,073 15,406 1,776 (18,255 )
Total revenue 360,250 101,406 52,845 37,348 (18,255 ) 533,594
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 210,189 61,593 35,117 32,929 339,828
Intersegment cost of revenues 754 16,174 1,019 60 (18,007 )
Total cost of revenue 210,943 77,767 36,136 32,989 (18,007 ) 339,828
Selling, general and administrative 39,786 20,822 1,787 2,732 65,127
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 4,094 13,829 3,881 8,991 30,795
Impairment of long-lived assets 187 187
Operating income (loss) 105,427 (11,012 ) 11,041 (7,551 ) (248 ) 97,657
Interest expense, net 106 341 76 436 959
Other expense, net 330 80 36 40 486
Income (loss) before income taxes $ 104,991 $ (11,433 ) $ 10,929 $ (8,027 ) $ (248 ) $ 96,212
Three months ended March 31, 2019 Infrastructure Pressure Pumping Sand All Other Eliminations Total
Revenue from external customers $ 108,721 $ 90,595 $ 24,964 $ 37,858 $ $ 262,138
Intersegment revenues 1,544 12,897 658 (15,099 )
Total revenue 108,721 92,139 37,861 38,516 (15,099 ) 262,138
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 58,965 64,211 30,252 35,642 189,070
Intersegment cost of revenues 13,537 1,047 497 (15,081 )
Total cost of revenue 58,965 77,748 31,299 36,139 (15,081 ) 189,070
Selling, general and administrative 9,517 3,213 1,519 3,087 17,336
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 7,719 9,893 2,873 8,091 28,576
Operating income (loss) 32,520 1,285 2,170 (8,801 ) (18 ) 27,156
Interest expense, net 39 198 30 256 523
Other expense, net (24,824 ) (1 ) 268 (24,557 )
Income (loss) before income taxes $ 57,305 $ 1,088 $ 2,140 $ (9,325 ) $ (18 ) $ 51,190
Six months ended June 30, 2019 Infrastructure Pressure Pumping Sand All Other Eliminations Total
Revenue from external customers $ 150,542 $ 173,568 $ 54,187 $ 65,661 $ $ 443,958
Intersegment revenues 3,212 24,067 1,243 (28,522 )
Total revenue 150,542 176,780 78,254 66,904 (28,522 ) 443,958
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 103,828 124,047 62,928 66,282 357,085
Intersegment cost of revenues 25,334 2,188 1,060 (28,582 )
Total cost of revenue 103,828 149,381 65,116 67,342 (28,582 ) 357,085
Selling, general and administrative 12,553 5,876 2,899 5,463 26,791
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 15,537 20,068 7,401 15,715 58,721
Operating income (loss) 18,624 1,455 2,838 (21,616 ) 60 1,361
Interest expense, net 425 649 102 898 2,074
Other (income) expense, net (28,869 ) 8 (32 ) 317 (28,576 )
Income (loss) before income taxes $ 47,068 $ 798 $ 2,768 $ (22,831 ) $ 60 $ 27,863
Six months ended June 30, 2018 Infrastructure Pressure Pumping Sand All Other Eliminations Total
Revenue from external customers $ 685,709 $ 196,912 $ 73,942 $ 71,280 $ $ 1,027,843
Intersegment revenues 5,632 29,918 4,193 (39,743 )
Total revenue 685,709 202,544 103,860 75,473 (39,743 ) 1,027,843
Cost of revenue, exclusive of depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 404,265 128,205 68,447 65,012 665,929
Intersegment cost of revenues 2,545 31,576 5,305 327 (39,753 )
Total cost of revenue 406,810 159,781 73,752 65,339 (39,753 ) 665,929
Selling, general and administrative 71,637 23,485 3,431 5,085 103,638
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion 6,501 27,815 6,197 17,190 57,703
Impairment of long-lived assets 187 187
Operating income (loss) 200,761 (8,537 ) 20,480 (12,328 ) 10 200,386
Interest expense, net 182 845 156 1,013 2,196
Other expense (income), net 332 92 23 67 514
Income (loss) before income taxes $ 200,247 $ (9,474 ) $ 20,301 $ (13,408 ) $ 10 $ 197,676

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management and external users of the Company’s financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. Mammoth defines Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion expense, impairment of long-lived assets, acquisition related costs, public offering costs, equity based compensation, stock based compensation, interest expense, net, other (income) expense, net (which is comprised of the (gain) or loss on disposal of long-lived assets) and provision (benefit) for income taxes, further adjusted to add back interest on trade accounts receivable. The Company excludes the items listed above from net income (loss) in arriving at Adjusted EBITDA because these amounts can vary substantially from company to company within the energy service industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income (loss) or cash flows from operating activities as determined in accordance with GAAP or as an indicator of Mammoth’s operating performance or liquidity. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are components of Adjusted EBITDA. Mammoth’s computations of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. The Company believes that Adjusted EBITDA is a widely followed measure of operating performance and may also be used by investors to measure its ability to meet debt service requirements.

The following tables provide a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to the GAAP financial measure of net income (loss) on a consolidated basis and for each of the Company’s segments (in thousands):

Consolidated

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss): 2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Net (loss) income $ (10,889 ) $ 42,700 $ 28,333 $ 17,444 $ 98,246
Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization expense 30,145 30,795 28,576 58,721 57,703
Impairment of long-lived assets 187 187
Acquisition related costs 45 77 45 31
Public offering costs 731 731
Equity based compensation 17,487 17,487
Stock based compensation 944 1,660 1,289 2,233 2,916
Interest expense, net 1,551 959 523 2,074 2,196
Other (income) expense, net (4,019 ) 486 (24,557 ) (28,576 ) 514
Interest on trade accounts receivable 3,234 25,735 28,969
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (12,438 ) 53,512 22,857 10,419 99,430
Adjusted EBITDA $ 8,573 $ 148,594 $ 82,756 $ 91,329 $ 279,441

Infrastructure Services

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income: 2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Net income $ 6,210 $ 52,359 $ 35,665 $ 41,875 $ 99,658
Depreciation and amortization expense 7,818 4,094 7,719 15,537 6,501
Acquisition related costs 12 4 12 (4 )
Public offering costs 360 360
Stock based compensation 9 606 462 471 1,063
Interest expense 386 106 39 425 182
Other (income) expense, net (4,045 ) 330 (24,824 ) (28,869 ) 332
Interest on trade accounts receivable 3,234 25,735 28,969
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (16,447 ) 52,632 21,639 5,193 100,589
Adjusted EBITDA $ (2,823 ) $ 110,491 $ 66,435 $ 63,613 $ 208,681

Pressure Pumping Services

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss): 2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Net income (loss) $ (290 ) $ (11,433 ) $ 1,088 $ 798 $ (9,474 )
Depreciation and amortization expense 10,174 13,829 9,893 20,068 27,815
Acquisition related costs 18 33 18 33
Public offering costs 202 202
Equity based compensation 17,487 17,487
Stock based compensation 489 453 410 899 871
Interest expense 452 341 198 649 845
Other expense (income), net 9 80 (1 ) 8 92
Adjusted EBITDA $ 10,852 $ 20,992 $ 11,588 $ 22,440 $ 37,871

Natural Sand Proppant Services

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss): 2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Net income $ 628 $ 10,929 $ 2,140 $ 2,768 $ 20,301
Depreciation, depletion, accretion and amortization expense 4,528 3,881 2,873 7,401 6,197
Acquisition related costs 8 8 (38 )
Public offering costs 95 95
Stock based compensation 236 205 203 439 391
Interest expense 72 76 30 102 156
Other (income) expense, net (32 ) 36 (32 ) 23
Adjusted EBITDA $ 5,440 $ 15,222 $ 5,246 $ 10,686 $ 27,125

Other Services(a)

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss): 2019 2018 2019 2019 2018
Net (loss) income $ (17,515 ) $ (8,907 ) $ (10,542 ) $ (28,057 ) $ (12,250 )
Depreciation and amortization expense 7,625 8,991 8,091 15,715 17,190
Impairment of long-lived assets 187 187
Acquisition related costs 7 40 7 40
Public offering costs 74 74
Stock based compensation 210 396 214 424 592
Interest expense, net 641 436 256 898 1,013
Other expense, net 49 40 268 317 67
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 4,009 880 1,217 5,226 (1,158 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ (4,974 ) $ 2,137 $ (496 ) $ (5,470 ) $ 5,755

a.     Includes results for Mammoth’s contract land and directional drilling, coil tubing, pressure control, flowback, cementing, acidizing, equipment rentals, crude oil hauling and remote accommodations services and corporate related activities. The Company’s corporate related activities do not generate revenue.

After Tax Return on Invested Capital

After tax return on invested capital is a supplemental non-GAAP measure that is used by management to evaluate the Company’s performance. Mammoth defines after tax return on invested capital as net income divided by total capital employed, which is the average of ending debt and equity for the last two years. Management believes after tax return on invested capital is a useful measure of how effectively the Company uses capital to generate profits and it provides additional insight for analysts and investors in evaluating the Company’s financial and operating performance. After tax return on invested capital should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial measures reported in accordance with GAAP. The following table provides the calculation of after tax return on invested capital using the GAAP financial measures of net income, total debt and total equity.

Twelve Months Ended
June 30,
2019 2018 2017
(in thousands)
Net income $ 155,163 $ 163,360
Capital Employed
Total debt $ 82,036 $ $ 65,000
Total equity 763,216 625,669 440,410
Total capital employed $ 845,252 $ 625,669 $ 505,410
Average capital employed(a) $ 735,461 $ 565,540
Trailing twelve month after tax return on invested capital(b) 21 % 29 %

a.     Average capital employed is the average of total capital employed as of end of the period and end of the prior period.
b.     After tax return on invested capital is the ratio of net income for the period to average capital employed.



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