The oil and gas rig count, an early indicator of future output, rose two to 755 in the week to April 28.
Baker Hughes said that puts the total rig count up 57, or 8%, over this time last year.
Oil rigs were unchanged this week at 591, but inched down by one in April in their fifth monthly decline.
Gas rigs rose by two to 161 this week, while edging up one in April in their second monthly rise.
U.S. crude production fell in February to 12.5 million barrels per day (bpd), its lowest since December, while implied fuel demand rose to nearly 20 million bpd, its highest since November, according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA).
U.S. oil futures were down about 5% so far this year after gaining about 7% in 2022. U.S. gas futures, meanwhile, have plunged about 47% so far this year after rising about 20% last year.
Meanwhile, the No. 2 U.S. producer Chevron Corp on Friday posted profits for the first quarter despite lower energy prices and oil and gas production.
The top U.S. producer Exxon Mobil Corp made a record first-quarter profit by pumping more oil and gas.