As a blockade of Canada’s rail lines drags on and the economic impact deepens, police aware of the bitter legacy created by past fatal clashes with indigenous protesters have chosen not to clear the tracks by force.For the past two weeks, campaigners blocked rail lines in Ontario, Quebec and Alberta in solidarity with a British Columbia (B.C.) aboriginal band that had stopped construction of a gas pipeline over its land.
The cautious approach follows raids and arrests against the B.C. Wet’suwet’en band earlier this month that triggered the ongoing protest. The continued presence of federal police on Wet’suwet’en land had been holding up talks between politicians and chiefs aimed at ending the standoff.
Public Safety Minister Bill Blair said on Thursday that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) had retreated from Wet’suwet’en land to a nearby town. The move “should bring us to a point now where the matter can be resolved,” he said.
The Wet’suwet’en have been fighting the pipeline for a decade, but tensions built up since police made arrests and cleared protesters in January 2019. A December ruling by a B.C. court led to this month’s arrests.
Though Canadian National Railway Co obtained an injunction against those preventing rail traffic from moving along its trunk line near Belleville, Ontario on Feb. 7, provincial police have been in no hurry to act.
“We don’t have a role in the underlying issues of the event and we’re not in a position to resolve them. Protests and demonstrations are often complex in nature … our goal is to preserve the peace and maintain a safe environment,” said Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) spokeswoman Lori Lobinowich.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government and police insiders say deadly clashes over aboriginal groups’ claims to land in Oka, Quebec, in 1990 and Ipperwash, Ontario, in 1995, as well as other violent confrontations, have changed their way of operating.
“Let’s look at the history and not repeat what’s gone on in the past. Everyone knows what happened during the Oka crisis, everyone knows what happened during Ipperwash,” said Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller.
In Oka, a Quebec police officer was shot dead during repeated clashes with Mohawks during a confrontation that lasted almost three months. The RCMP failed to restore order and the fighting only ended after troops were sent in.
At Ipperwash, the OPP shot dead an indigenous man after the provincial government ordered a park to be cleared of protesters. As a result, regulations were issued forbidding Ontario politicians from telling the police what to do.
“There are a number of things you have to take into account before you decide to take enforcement action and I think it’s very much because of our historical experiences,” said Tom Stamatakis, president of the Canadian Police Association.